Malika-e-Tarannum Noor Jahan
Noor Jahan commonly known as Malika-e-Tarannum mean the queen of melody is an everlasting symbolic singer of Sub-continent. Who so ever is familiar with Urdu in anywhere in the world is well accustomed with the legendary actress cum singer Noor Jahan. She was impeccable in all spheres either it was her appearance personality, singing, acting or her contribution towards the art and patriotic affection for country. Right from the outset she grossed respect, decency and dignity from all walks of life and cherished it throughout her life, not only within the film industry rather she earned it within higher echelon of Governing bodies as well all through span of her life.
A legend persona who was always treated legend even during her life as living legend. Though impossible but lets give a try to unfold the golder pages of her life.
Although there are lots of controversial aspects attached with her but here endeavor has been made to highlight her contribution towards art as a humble gratitude to her immense persona.
the raw artist and introduced her to Seth Sukhlal Karnani the owner of the theater who after watching the talent of young artist agreed to employ her as singer. (Noor Jahan was so obliged and impress by Mukhtar Begum that in her later life she adopted Mukhtar’s style of performance and dressing up in Saries).
Baby Noor Jahan
Pre-Partition Film Career (1935-1947)
Seth Sukhlal Karnani was owner of seven film companies in Calcutta and employed a large number of film directors and film technicians and had distribution offices in all major cities including Lahore. Karnani used to produce more than ten films annually. One of his film directors, K. D. Mohra suggested him to produce a Punjabi film which he accepted after a pronounced hesitance on with the condition of low budget. So a low budget first ever Punjabi film Sheela/ Pind Di Kuri was started and for heroine a Muslim girl from Lahore was selected with name of Pushpa Rani, whereas classical singer Ustad Mubarik Ali Khan was nominated as hero. Young Wasai, Eiden and Haider Bandi were also chosen as actress of said film.
Wasai was also given a new glamorous screen name Baby Noor Jahan considering Allah Wasai as an orthodox name. The name Baby Noor Jahan was given while keeping her age in view and because of the presence of another actress with the name of Noor Jahan known as Moti Noor Jahan who used to play as ramp characterization in Ranjeet Movitone Films. Baby Noor Jahan sang and performed her FIRST debut song
“Lang aa ja pattan chana da yaar“
in the film which was initially released in Lahore and hit the box office and proved as trend setter for production of Punjabi films in Sub-continent.
In 1935, after the success of Sheela / Pind Di Kuri, another film Miser Ka Sitara was started as three sisters were permanent employees so they were also casted in said film including Baby Noor Jahan. It was Meno Katrak Production’s presentation, which was directed by Meno Katrak who was working in the sound recording Department. The cast of film included Wilot Cooper as heroine with Baby Noor Jahan, Munni Bai, Baba Ibrahim and Shirazi. Baby Noor Jahan played the role of Wilot Cooper’s childhood and also sang her second film song which was composed by Damodar Sharma:-
“Koye pani na ja, niha laga ke uchak jaye, akhiyan tori bano si laagey“
After release of two movies, popularity graph of the sisters was raising rapidly not only amongst general public but within film makers specially the Karnani under which they were working at that time. Moreover, release of Sheela / Pind Di Kuri, encouraged the film producers of Punjab for production of Punjabi films.
In 1936, Baby Noor Jahan appeared in Mr. and Mrs. Bombay which was directed by Nanu Bhai Wakeel. Abdul Rehman Kabli known as A.R. Kabli and Jahan Ara Kajjan played the lead role. Another song
“Bhidata ki ye duniya mein narali“
was sung and filmed on Baby Noor Jahan. Moti Lal Misra was the lyricist of the song and its music was composed by Master Imam Bukhsh. At the same time Baby Noor Jahan also appeared in Medan Theater’s Naari Raaj and sang a song for the film as well. Since at that time film music was under control of classical music masters and musicians so accordingly acting preference was given to those who could sing themselves because playback singing was yet not introduced. Baby Noor Jahan possessing both abilities, singing and acting which made her more protruding amongst others. After the release of said movies Baby Noor Jahan and her sisters were given the public title of Punjab Mail within Sub-continent.
Baby Noor Jahan performed and sang a song for Fakhar e Islam, the movie was made under the banner of Indira Movitone in Urdu. Under the direction of Nanu Bhai Wakeel, Patience Cooper, Rashida, Ghulam Sabir, Anees Khatoon and Baby Noor Jahan played the main role of the film. Baby Noor Jahan led a course song which was composed by Moti Lal Naik, the song
“Utho ae muslimo aaya waqat shahadat ka“
was penned by Junaid Mirza.
After Fakhar e Islam, Indira Movitone released another blockbuster film Heer Sayal under the direction of K. D. Mohra. During its shooting, Chief Minister of Punjab Sikandar Hayat specially went to Calcutta to witness and congratulate K. D. Mohara for introducing the Punjab culture through his films within Sub-continent, he also gave a pat to Baby Noor Jahan. Iqbal begum alias Balo (mother of former actress Sabiha Khanum) and P. N. Bali played the main characters of Heer and Ranjha, Eiden performed a comic role of a stammering girl which was a highlight of the film as well. For character of Kedo, M. Ismail was specially invited from Punjab and he did it magnificently. Baby Noor Jahan played Heer’s childhood role in the film with a song
“Sohna deisan wichun deis Punjab ni seyo, jeven phullan wichun phul gulab ni seyo“
under the music composition of Master Dhomi Khan and Ferozdin Sharaf has written the song. Sohrab Jee Kerawala directed another film of the year 1937, Mr. 420 under the banner of Star Films which was one of the offshoots of Karnani Company. Bhai Chhela a famous folk singer of Amritsar (Indian Punjab) composed the music of Mr. 420 and Anwari Indobala, Sohrab Jee, Abdullah and Baby Noor Jahan were main artists. Anwari Indobala was a singer and stage actress, who got popularity after her performance in Poran Bhagat, subsequently she married to Muhammad Daud the father of former actor Santosh Kumar. Likewise Indian Liberty Pictures released Tarran Haar in same year, Baby Noor Jahan, Gohar Bai Karnatki, Ibrahim, Master Bacha, Ibrahim and Mansoor Ali performed under the direction of Keko bhai Desai. In both movies Baby Noor Jahan only gave an ordinary appearance without any of her song.
In 1938, Indira Movitone released Na-Mumkin (Impossible), this flop film was directed by R. N. Wideya with music of Prem Kumar and starring Protama Das Gupta (a famous stunt wrestler of that era), Sundar Singh, Shah Jahanand as usual baby Noor Jahan did acted in the film but it was just another ordinary appearance. However, Sassi Punnu proved the biggest hit film of the year in which Baby Noor Jahan not only played the Sassi’s childhood role but also sang a beautiful song under the music direction of Dhomi Khan Rampuri. This year with introduction of playback singing system, production of record of the film songs was also launched. The song
“Merey babal da mukhra piyara, meri ammah hai roshan tara“
was sung and played by Baby Noor Jahan, in film Sassi Punnu Baby Noor Jahan who was playing the role of Sassi’s Childhood and sang this song while addressing her parents (Haider Bandi and Dar Kashmiri acted as father and mother of Sassi. Daud Chand directed the film while Balo (Iqbal Begum the mother of Sabiha Khanum) played the role of Sassi. It was Daud Chand’s first film as director who again directed a film with the same story named Sassi in 1954 and this time daughter of Balo (Iqbal Begum) Sabiha Khanum acted as Sassi and this film also hit the box office success.
Although Daud Chand directed another film Imerial Mail but being a replica of Bombay produced Midnight Mail and Frontier Mail it was a completely a floop film. Gulzar, Gulab, Sundar Singh and Shah Jahan with Baby Noor Jahan played the main role in the film but it was completely proved a disappointing film for the complete team.
At Lahore (1939-1942)
Imerial Mail was the last film of the year and as well as of Baby Noor Jahan because after its release she along with her sister Eiden Bai returned back and started their own family profession of singing and dancing in Shekhupurian Bazar at Lahore. This was the time when Dilsukh Pancholi who produced a film named Sohni Mahiwal after seeing the promising business of Punjabi films, hired a manufacturing factory of spectacles and converted it into a film studio with name of Pardhan Studios. He also inaugurated a production house named Pancholi Art Pictures and planned a Punjabi film Gul Bukavli. Wali Sahib has written the story and songs and Master Ghulam Haider was selected as musician of the film. The film shooting was yet not started when Baby Noor Jahan and Eiden Bai approached Pancholi who referred them to Master Ghulam Haider to trail their voices. Master Ghulam Haider who has served with His Master’s Voice and Jayno Phone Recording Company where he had the experience of recording songs of Imrao Zia Begum and Zeenat Begum the legend classical singers of Indian. Once he heard Noor Jahan he recommended Dilsukh Pancholi for film songs of Gul Bukavli. Afterward, Barkat Mohra the director of the film also selected Noor Jahan in the cast for the character of younger sister of heroine of the film once he saw her during the recording of songs.
“Shala jawania manen, Akha na morin, pee le, Ji le, do char deharey ji le ji le” – Noor Jahan
It was the FIRST song which was recorded by Master Ghulam Haider for Gul Bukavli in His Master’s Voice Studios which was located at Shah Din Building, at Mall Road Lahore. Just after the recording of the song it gave a tremendous popularity within a night to Noor Jahan. Next songs
“Pinjerey de wich qaid jawani, mastani] and [Ik sohney jaye jangle wich mada saaras wasdi si, tehni tehni bootey bootey wang hawa de nach di si“
song with Sureyya Jabeen were recorded. After the release of Gul Bukavli in 1939, it not only gave a strong boost to Noor Jahan but Dilsukh Pancholi started two other films Khazanchi and Yamla Jatt from the income of Gul Bukavli.
Baby Noor Jahan, though she was fourteen but due to her slim body figures still she was casted in Yamla Jatt as Baby Noor Jahan. M. Ismail played the title role of Yamla Jatt and father of Baby Noor Jahan. Wali Sahib once again written the story and songs of the film and he also introduced and recommend a new commer Pran Krishan to Dilsukh Pancholi for the film who subsequently became one of the best villain of Indian Film Industry as Pran. Seth Dilsukh Pancholi called Moti B Gudwani from Bombay for direction of the film Yamla Jatt. Music of the film was composed by Master Ghulam Haider who also introduced Shamshad Begum in Yamla Jatt. Noor Jahan sang three songs for this film:-
- Kachiyan ve Kaliyan tu na toor, mar jaen ve mali – Noor Jahan
- Cooko, main koel wangon keyun na gawan Cooko – Noor Jahan
- Babal main balhari ve chal pind nu chaliye, ais shehr nu satt salama, chal pind nu chaliye – Noor Jahan
Due to the best songs, music and acting performance of M. Ajmal once again film was another hit of the year and gave a very glaring standing and boost to singing career of Noor Jahan.
As Noor Jahan
In 1941, Seth Dilsukh Lal started a new project Choudhry, as Noor Jahan was almost fifteen years old so according to her age and being a contracted actress of the company she was offered the role of second heroine of the film. Ghulam Muhammad played the main role with other cast that was, Roop Lekha, Ajmal, Paal Chand Baraq, M. Ismail and Durga Mota. Narejan Paal was the film director and as usual Master Ghulam Haider composed the music of the film. Noor Jahan sang four songs and Master Ghulam Haider joined her in all the duet songs which were appreciated by all. Following four songs of Noor Jahan were written by F. D. Sharaf:
- Ik duniya Naveen wasa leye, aa aggan lagan di la leye, ik duniya Naveen wasa leye – Noor Jahan
- Chham chham ohdi kaisi sohni chaal ae, kar di dillan nu pamal ae – Noor Jahan / Master Ghulam Haider
- Bas bas ve dholna ki terey naal bolna – Noor Jahan
- Sajna terey bina jee naiun lag da – Noor Jahan
During this period World War ll was triggered, resultantly flames of war also reached here in Sub-continent. To encourage soldiers and cool down the effects of war, small musical groups were activated under supervision of Public Relations Department, these groups were named as Fouji Dil Khush Sabha. All film and stage actors and actresses joined these groups including Noor Jahan who had finished her contract with Pancholi Art Pictures she also joined one of these groups and moving with it from city to city. She used to sing and dance with other stage artists. In 1942, Seth Dilsukh Pancholi hired young Syed Shoukat Hussain Rizvi as director of his new project Khandan. Pancholi had observed Shoukat’s performance in Yamla Jatt and Khazanchi as a film editors. Syed Shoukat Hussain Rizvi was in search of a young innocent lassie though he had the option to appoint Mumtaz Shanti, Manorma or Ragni who were the leading heroines from Punjab, even Pancholi allowed the director to hire some Bombay based heroine as well. But all these actresses were not fluffing the pre-requisites of Shoukat’s imagination. Finally he considered Baby Noor Jahan to whom he had seen her working in films made under Seth Karnani’s banner as he was also employed there as film editor. So Shoukat checked the whereabouts of Noor Jahan who was there at Amritsar (India) with Chitra Talkies doing some stage shows. To evaluate during her live performance, Shoukat went to Amritsar and watched her show as one of the spectators. The moment Noor Jahan made her entry and started singing her famous song Bas bas ve dholna, Shoukat took the decision and finalized her as the heroine of his next film Khandan. Muhammad Shafi the brother of Noor Jahan was contacted he got agreed even giving it a second thought. The villain of Yamla Jatt, Pran was selected as hero of the film. Shoukat Hussain Rizvi also invited Baba Ibrahim from Calcutta for a very special role of the film. Since at that time film music was back bone of the success of any film, keeping this thing in mind D. N. Madhok was invited from Bombay to write down the songs of the film. Master Ghulam Haider composed the musical tune for these songs which subsequently became the most hit songs of 1942:-
- Aa geya merey bagh ka mali, jhom rehi hai dali dali, aaj hawa hei matwali – Noor Jahan
- Chalo pinyin bharan ko chalen, morey sar par sohade hai matki – Noor Jahan / Shamshad Begum
- Ham ankh macholi kheilen ge, shokh sitaron se, hil mil ke ham kheilen ge– Noor Jahan
- Mar geyi re, mar geyi re, hamen teri najariya, piyari najariya, tirchhi najariya – Noor Jahan
- Merey liye jahan mein chain na qarar hai, dilm mein hain be qarariaya, ankhon mein intezar hai – Noor Jahan
- Tu kon si badly mein mery chand hai aa ja, tarey hain merey zakham, jigar inn mein sama ja – Noor Jahan
- Ur ja panchhi, kali kali ankhon waley, bholi bholi sorat waley, matwaley ur ja – Noor Jahan / Ghulam Haider
Two more songs were recorded but it was not included in the film:
- Bolo bolo merey mann ka panchhi keya boley – Noor Jahan
- Meri ammi ka raaj bhala, meri ammi ka raaj bhala – Noor Jahan
On completion once the premier of the Khandan was carried out in Bombay, distributors and others were not that impressed and had their own reservation about the future of film. But once the film was released it broke all the records of income and Punjab became on top as far as production of Urdu films were concerned.
At Lahore (1943-1947)
Due to the disturbance caused by the relationship of Noor Jahan and Syed Shoukat Hussain Kazmi, Pancholi terminated the contract deed with both of them. So once again Noor Jahan was without any movie in hand until famous comedian Mirza Musharaf who arrived from Bombay at Lahore with the owner of Sunrise Pictures Bombay V. M. Vias met Noor Jahan and invited her to Bombay for two movies. Noor Jahan through her brother Muhammad Shafi accepted the invitation and signed the contract agreement. On the other hand once V. M. Vias returned back he contracted with Syed Shoukat Hussain Rizvi basing upon his sound direction of Khandan. Shoukat who was there at Bombay and at that time he was also without any project in hand, accepted the agreement of Noukar. V. M. Vias started Duhaai as director, with Shanta and Kumar in the main and Noor Jahan in second role whereas Mirza Musharaf as comedian and Insari as villain of the film. Rafiq Ghaznavi composed the music of Duhaai. Side by side V. M. Vias started Noukar under direction of Shoukat Hussain. During the shooting of Noukar, departed affection of Noor Jahan and Shoukat once again got buzzing which finally turned into their marriage. Resultantly due to the opposition of Noor Jahan’s brother Muhammad Shafi, Shoukat was unable to pay due attention to the film shooting and unnecessary interference by V.M. Vias both films Duhaai and Noukar were proved flopped after its release. In Duhaai V.M. Vias paid more attention to Shanta and was unable to cash the repute of Noor Jahan she achieved form Khandan. Even the best music director Rafiq Ghanzvi and Noor Jahan’s following song were unable to support the film standing:-
- Abb mast jawani aai, main hi chhupaun keisey – Noor Jahan
- Barey be wafa hain mar ke un par bhool hai marna – Noor Jahan
Shohbna Samerth, Balwant Singh, Chandar Mohan, Yaqub and Mirza Musharaf were in the cast of Noukar and music was given by Shanti Kumar and Rafiq Ghaznavi and following four songs of Noor Jahan penned downed by Nazim Pani Patti and Shams Lakhnavi but in spite of all this their efforts went in vain as films were rejected by the audience:
- Bulbul ke hain ye naley, ae dil churaney waley, din ho geye hain kaley (Shams Lakhnavi) – Noor Jahan
- Labon pe hai merey kahani kissi ki, mera dard e dil hai zubani kissi ki (Shams Lakhnavi) – Noor Jahan /Raaj Kumari/ Balwant Singh
- Jhoom jhoom ae gul nobahar jhoom, ae dil e be qarar ro, main hon nahi shadman (Nazim Pani Patti) – Noor Jahan / Raaj Kumari
- Karney aaye thay dil abad apna, teri mehfil se chaley barbad ho kar (Nazim Pani Patti) – Noor Jahan
Famous writer and director Zia Sarhadi directed Nadan, Noor Jahan’s third film of the 1943 under banner of A.B. Productions. But in spite of seven songs of Noor Jahan which were written by Zia Sarhadi and music composed by K Ditta, film proved a complete flop and image of Noor Jahan which was established after release of Khandan was badly tarnished specially after this third film. Other than Noor Jahan, Masud, Maya devi, Jallo bai, Murad, Jamshed jee and Nazir Kashmiri were the main cast of the film. Two songs of the film were written by Tanvir Naqvi, like Mohabat kar ne waley aa rehey hain, bla se, ham to soney ja rehey hain it was his First ever song, the song was picturised on Noor Jahan and Masud. During this period, Tanvir Naqvi met Eiden Bai which terminated on their marriage. These are the seven songs of Nadan, none of them was able to get the anticipated fame:
- Nachti ja, gaaye ja, haan haan mujhey behlaye ja – Noor Jahan
- Abb to nahi duniya mein kahen apna thikana, dushman hai zamana – Noor Jahan
- Ik anokha gham anokhisi maseebat ho gai, jin ko dekha tak nahi unn se mohabat ho gai – Noor Jahan
- Dil doon ke na doon, batoon par keya unn ki bharosa, waada to woh kar te hain wafa mujh se karen ge – Noor Jahan
- Roshni apni umangon ki mita kar chal deye, apni qismat ked eye ham khud buja kar chal deye – Noor Jahan
- Ban ban ja banjarey ja re, nagar nagar hai teri nagri, jag hai tera gauon (Tanvir Naqvi) – Noor Jahan
- Mohabat kar ne waley aa rehey hain, bla se, ham to soney ja rehey hain (First ever song of Tanvir Naqvi) – Noor Jahan
The first film of the year was Dost, which was directed by Syed Shoukat Hussain Rizvi. Noor Jahan and Moti Lal played the lead role, Hussan Bano, Maya Banaji, Mirza Ashraf, Shoukat Hussain Rizvi were in the remaining cast of the film Dost. Music was composed by Ali Bakhsh (father of Indian actress Meena Kumari) and Sajjad Ali (he composed five songs which were sung by Noor Jahan). The film was based on a story of novel Anwar and songs were written by Shamas Lakhnavi. But it was proved a flop, one of the main reason for its failure was that Shoukat Hussain Rizvi and Noor Jahan were husband and wife in real life but in film Dost, Shoukat was played the role of the friend of the lead hero Moti Lal and Noor Jahan being the heroine kept on addressing Shoukat as Bhai in the complete film. During the shooting no one paid any attention to this minor thing but majority of the audience objected this flaw which caused the film a failure project.
- Abb kon hai mera, dukh dard ne ghera, malik merey aa – Noor Jahan
- Alam par alam, sitam pe sitam uthaye hoye hain, zamaney ki gardish ke sitaye hoye hain – Noor Jahan
- Badnam mohabat kon karey, aur ishq ko ruswa kon karey – Noor Jahan
- Koi iyar ka se ke sandesa hi loot geya, nazik tha mery dil ka sheesha hi toot geya – Noor Jahan
- Morey sajna, morey sajna, aa ke daras dikha, aa galey lag ja – Noor Jahan
The second film the year was Lal Haveli which was directed by K. B. Lal under the banner of Bombay Cinetone. The film was based on a social subject with triangular twist. Noor Jahan as heroine was placed against two lead heroes Surendar and Alhas. Surendar was a very good singer himself so he sang two duet with Noor Jahan under the music composition of Mir Sahib. Character actor Yaqub, Maya Benerji, Kuneya Lal and Ghori were included in other cast of the film. Noor Jahan sang five songs of the film but only one song was able to create some place primarily because at the same time of release of this film, Mann Ki Jeet a film having very popular songs of Josh Malehabadi was also very much in resultantly, Lal Haveli was unable to make its place against Mann ki Jeet.
- Banti nazar aati nahi tadbeer hamari, mar jayen ge jab jagey gi taqdeer hamari – Noor Jahan
- Dekho khari hain dawar, bheyya aas lagaye – Noor Jahan
- Dil le kar mukar na jana, nazak bohat zamana, oh sajni – Surendar/ Noor Jahan
- Mohneya sundar mukhra khol, panchhi dar dar na bol – Surendar/ Noor Jahan
- Teri yaad aaye sanweriya, jiya gabhraey sanweriya – Noor Jahan
After her marriage with Shoukat Rizvi, film career of Noor Jahan was not at boom rather with in four years not a single movie of Noor Jahan hit the box office like Khandan. First film of the year Bari Maa was made by Parafolla Pictures under the direction of Master Vinayak who was taken as a very professional director. Noor Jahan was paired with Ishwar Lal who was a popular villain of Ranjeet Movitone. Other cast which comprised of Yaqub, Sitara Devi, Meenakshi, Leela Mishra, Dada Salvi, Girish, Bhau Rao, Datar, Damuanna Malvankar, Alka and Baby Lata Mangeshkar. Story and song of the film was penned down by Zia Sarhadi less one song which was written by Anjam Heli bheti. Music was composed by K. Ditta. Once film was released it again became as another flop film by Noor Jahan, basic reason of the failure of Bari Maa was its weak plot and story:-
- Aa intezar hai tera, dil be-qarar hai mera, aa ja na sata, aa ja na rula (Zia Sarhadi) – Noor Jahan
- Deya jala kar aap bujhaya, terey kaam niraley, dil tor ke janey waley (Zia Sarhadi) – Noor Jahan
- Kisi tarah se mohabat mein chain pa na sakey, lagi hai aag who seeney mein jo bujha na sakey (Anjam Heli bheti) – Noor Jahan
- Tum ham ko bhula bethey, ham tum ko bhulaen keisey, jo aag lagai tum ne ham uss ko bujhaen keisey (Zia Sarhadi) – Noor Jahan
Basing upon the story of English film Blue Angel, Bhai Jaan was directed by S. Khalil. The story of the film was so strong that subsequently same story was reproduced time and again like Dillan De Soudey and Anjuman. Anyhow, Karan Deewan was the main hero with Noor Jahan. Character Actor Shah Nawaz also played the role of elder brother of Karan. Music to the songs written by Partov Lakhnavi was composed by Shayam Sundar who had worked previously as assistant to Master Ghulam Haider. Noor Jahan sang four songs, which were hit and popular at that time. Here it is worth mentioning that at that time recording of songs used to be carried out twice, once for a film in film studios and secondly in recording studios/company. The method of recording of both medias was different with each other, 35mm sound negative in the film studios and magnetic sound tape was used during song recording in the company’s recording studios of record etc. During the film recording Noor Jahan and S. Khalil had some difference of opinion so Noor Jahan refused to record the songs in recording studios for LP records so Zeenat Begum was hired to record the songs. Resultantly, on film original sound track had Noor Jahan’s song and Colambia Gramophone records had same song by Zeenat Begum.
- Aa ja be-dardi aa ja, merey dil mein sama ja, mujhey apna bana ja – Noor Jahan
- Ae bad e saba, kuchh tu ne suna, woh jalwa dikha ne waley hain, kon hai achha tu hi bata, mehman jo aane waley hain – Noor Jahan
- Apne na jo ho sakey jo – Noor Jahan
- Chupke se dil mein aa basey reh ke nazar se door door – Noor Jahan
Gaon Ki Gori was next film of the year, which gave a relief to Noor Jahan as after Khandan none of her film was scoring even an average standing. This film was the biggest hit of the year which was directed by K. Amar Nath udner the banner of Rameek productions. Nazir Played a lead role with Noor Jahan remaining cast comprised of Mishra, Ibrahim, Jagdish Sethi, Nawaz, Chandrika, Shanta Patel, Ghosh, Ghulam Rasool, Rama Shukula, Ananth Marathi, Rajkumari Shukla, , Geeta Nizami, Durga Khote, Rajkumari Kapoor, Bikram Kapoor and M.A. Khan. The film had six songs written by Wali Sahib and music was composed by Shayam Sundar:-
- Bethi hon teri yaad ka le kar ke sahara, aa jao ke chamkey meri qismat ka sitara – Noor Jahan
- Kis tarah bholey ga dil un ka khayal aaya hua, ja nahi sakta kabhi sheeshey mein baal aaya hua – Noor Jahan
- Main kheton ka panchhi, merey pankh niraley – Noor Jahan
- Raat aayi suhani hai, kaliyon ki kahani mein bhanwar ki jawani hai – Noor Jahan
- Sajan perdesi, balam perdesi, mann ko sataye, jalaye, jallan na jane raam – Noor Jahan
- Ye kon hansa, kis ne sitaron ko hansaya, chupkey se merey nainon ki galiyon mein aaya – Noor Jahan
Zeenat was the first film in which Noor Jahan played young to old role and ladies qawali was introduced otherwise previously there was no precedence of picturising a lady qawali in films. Seth Sheraz Ali Hakeem produced this film which was directed by Syed Shoukat Hussain Rizvi. Zeenat was story of a heroine who got widowed on the first night of her marriage. Saleem Raza was specially invited to Bombay to play the role of husband of the heroine. Khursheed Junior (Sister of Meena Kumari) played the character of daughter of Noor Jahan. The film got so popularity that renowned director Mahboob physically came to Noor Jahan to congratulate on her fabulous performance in the film and signed Noor Jahan for his next film Anmol Ghari. The story of the film was so strong that basing upon the same story Rangeela produced a film Diya Aur Toofan which was a blockbuster film of 1969 and gave Rangeela a very sound standing as Director and Producer. Hafeez Ali Khan and Mir Sahib composed the music of the film, surprisingly after giving such a tremendous music we never heard him in any of other film except Hamjoli in which probably he was unable to maintain his music magic like Zeenat. In which his composition of qawali [Aahen na bharen, shikwey na kiye, kuchh ghi na zuban se kaam leya, iss par bhi mohabat chhup na saki, jab tera kissi ne naam leya] was unforgettable, eight minutes qawali was filmed in the film whereas six minutes long song (qawali) was recorded on both side of the record. Qawali was written by Nakhshab as his debut film and it was sung by Noor Jahan, Kalyani and Zuhara Bai Anbale Wali. Remaining super hit songs are as under:
- Aa ja ri nindiya, tu aa ken a ja, nanhi ki ankhon mein ghul mil ja (Nakhshab Jarchvi) – Noor Jahan
- Aahen na bharen, shikwey na kiye, kuchh ghi na zuban se kaam leya, iss par bhi mohabat chhup na saki, jab tera kissi ne naam leya – Noor Jahan, Kalyani and Zuhara Bai Anbale Wali
- Andheyan gham ki yun chaleen, bagh ujar ke reh geya, samjhey they asra jisey woh bhi bichhar ke reh geya (Shewan Rizvi) – Noor Jahan
- Bulbulo matt ro yahan ansoo bahana hai mana, is qafas ke qaidiyon ko ghul machana hai mana (Shewan Rizvi) – Noor Jahan
- Bulhan Ban Jao – Kalyani and Zuhara Bai Anbale Wali
- Hi re duniya – Muhammad Rafi
- Nacho sitaro nacho, abb chand nikal ne wala hai (Nakhshab Jarchvi) – Noor Jahan
- Sakhi aaya sawan aaya, bhanwarey ne saaz uthaya, koel ne geet sunaya (Nakhshab Jarchvi) – Noor Jahan, Kalyani and Zuhara Bai Anbale Wali
The year brought a historical success to Noor Jahan, when under the composition of Noshad she sang songs for Anmol Ghari which are everlasting songs as fresh as used to be in 1946. Anmol Ghari was based on a triangular love story and dynamic direction of Mehboob and powerful acting of Noor Jahan and Surendar made it a perpetual film. Noor Jahan became one of the best heroine amongst Khursheed, Sureya, Jamna and Kanan Bala. The main credit of the success of the film must be dedicated to Noshad who made such easy and simple tunes that it became first songs for everyone. Songs were written by Anjam Heli Bheti and Tanvir Naqvi who was also brother in law of Noor Jahan as he married her sister Eiden Bai. At the shooting of Anmol Ghari, Noor Jahan had one year old baby named Akbar Hussain Rizvi and she used to handover her son to maid to go out for shooting of Anmol Ghari. Here are the songs of this everlasting film:-
- Jawan hai mohabat, haseen hai zamana, lutaya hai dil ne khushi ka khazana (Tanvir Naqvi) – Noor Jahan
- Merey bachpan ke sathi mujhey ghol na jana, dekho dekho hasey na zamana (Tanvir Naqvi) – Noor Jahan
- Awaz de kahan hai, duniya meri jawan hai, abad merey dil mein umeed ka jahan hai (Tanvir Naqvi) – Noor Jahan/ Surendar
- Aa ja meri barbad mohabat ke saharey, hai kon jo bigri hoi taqdeer sanwarey (Tanvir Naqvi) – Noor Jahan
- Keya mil geya bhagwan tujhey dil ko dukha ke, armano ki nagri mein meri aag laga ke (Anjam HeliBheti) – Noor Jahan
Dil was production of Fazli Brothers and it was directed by Hasnain Fazli. Basically it was a Calcutta base film which was released in Pakistan in 1947. Zafar Khursheed composed the music of the film and it was his first and last film then he came to Karachi, Pakistan made one odd film but left film line forever. Zafar gave an excellent music but film did not do a good business. Abdul Latif was a new hero paired with Noor Jahan, in other cast hero of stunt films W.A.M. Khan, Ghori Geetabos and Anees.
- Aayi aayi khari suhani, geya mera bachpan, abb aayi jawani (Shamas Lakhanvi) – Noor Jahan
- Ae hawa, ja ja ja ja piya ke ghar ja (Razi ud Din Banarsi) – Noor Jahan
- Baba merey chhoot geye, chain mujhey na aaye (Arsh Haideri) – Noor Jahan
- Bhanvarey shorn a karna, gulshan mein ankh na khul jaye, phir dil ko na tarpaye – Moti / Noor Jahan
- Chali gari, dhunwan ye urati chali (Razi ud Din Banarsi) – Moti / Noor Jahan
- De ke mujhey woh dard e jigar, bhool teye keya bhole geye (Razi ud Din Banarsi) – Noor Jahan
Abdullah as producer gave the responsibility of direction of Hamjoli to Luqman but due to subsequent differences in between both of them he asked Ismail Memon to continue the direction of the film. This was Noor Jahan’s last film of 1946 and it was released in Lahore after independence. Jey Raaj played the main role against Noor Jahan and Ghulam Muhammad, Jallo Bai, Zeenat Begum, and comedian Agha were in the other cast of the film. This was Zeenat’s debut film afterward she came to Pakistan and acted, directed and produced many other films. Hafeez Ali Khan who became very popular from music of Zeenat, composed the music of Hamjoli and Anjam Helibheti penned the songs.
- Raaz khulta nazar nahi aata, kon hon keya nazar nahi aata – Noor Jahan
- Dukh dard se jag mein koi azad nahi hai, meri tarah lekan koi barbad nahi hai – Noor Jahan
- Ye deis hamara Hindostan, jahan se neyara Hindostan ke ham hain piyarey Hindostan hamara – Noor Jahan
- Pholon mein nazar ye kon aaya kon aaya, bholey pan se ankh matkata kon aaya – Noor Jahan
- Bhagwan, bhagwan kab tak teri duniya mein ye andher rehey ga – Noor Jahan
Noor Jahan’s husband, Syed Shoukat Hussain Rizvi established his own production house with the name of Shoukat Art Productions in 1946 and started a new project with name of Jugnu and it was obvious that he took Noor Jahan as the main heroine however, for hero they carried out many trails but Shoukat was not satisfied with their performance. Yousaf Khan as Daleep Kumar was permanent employee of Bambay Talkies and gave three consecutive flop films Jawar Bhata, Pretma and Millan. He was desperately in search of a promising film director for some breakthrough. On knowing that Shoukat was in search of some young hero, Daleep Kumar approached him through Luqman and finally was selected by Syed Shoukat Hussain Rizvi for Jugnu. Though Hafeez Ali Khan has composed an outstanding music for Zeenat but Shoukat selected Feroz Nizami for new project. Jugnu was a romantic film accordingly, Feroz composed very melodious tunes and Shoukat launched the music before the release of film. During shooting of the film Noor Jahan was expecting her second child and a age difference was clearly visible in between Daleep and Noor Jahan but it was Shoukat’s dynamic direction that once film was released no one even noticed this issue. First half of the film was very light and comedy oriented but next half was full of dramatization of the story. Although once film was released the riots and insurgences for partition of sub-continent was triggered out but still film manage to lure in the spectators. The music of film was so nice that basically it helped a lot in promoting the film which made it hit at the box office.
- Aaj ki raat saz o dil par dard na chair (Sheari Bhopali) – Noor Jahan
- Desh Ke Pur Kaif – Roshanara Begum
- Hamen to sham e gham mein katni hai zindgi apni, jahan wo hain wahen ae chand le ja chandni apni(Sheari Bhopali) – Noor Jahan
- Lout Jawani Phir Nahin Aani – Shamshed Begum
- Tum bhi bhula do, main bhi bhula doon, piyar puraney, guzrey zamaney (Azir Sarhadi) – Noor Jahan
- Umangen dil ki machlen, muskarai zindgi apni – Noor Jahan
- Woh Apni Yaad Dilane Ko – Muhammad Rafi
- Yahan badla wafa ka be-wafai ke sewa keya hai, mohabat kar ke bhi dekha mohabat mein bhi dhoka hai(Azir Sarhadi) – Noor Jahan / Muhammad Rafi (This song gave a tremendous popularity and recognition to Muhammad Rafi)
Films based on folk tales / stories were started with the production of films in Sub-continent and almost all gained much appreciations except the story of Mirza Sahiba which was never successful except Mirza Jatt which was made in Pakistan, directed by Masud Pervez and music was composed by Rasheed Attrey. Anyways in 1947, a project basing on the same sotry was launched as Mirza Sahiba, it was directed by K. Amar Nath. Noor Jahan and Tarlok Kapoor (uncle of Raj Kapoor) were the main lead hero and heroine, in other cast there were Gulab, Misra, Ameer Bano, Kakku and Gope. Music was composed by Master Amar Nath and songs written by Qamar Jalavi and Aziz Kashmiri.
Here it is worth mentioning that film didn’t work, the reason which was given by the film makers for this failure was the riots and prevailing insurgence atmosphere at that time but this cause was not justified as Jugnu was also released on the same period of time. Here are the songs of Mirza Sahiba
- Aa ja tujhey afsana judai ka sunayen, jo dil par guzarti hai woh ankhon se batayen (Qamar Jalavi) – Noor Jahan
- Haath seeney pe jo rakh do to qarar aa jaye, dil ke ujrey houy gulsham mein bahar aa jaye (Aziz Kashmiri) – Noor Jahan/ G. M. Durrani
- Hi re ura jaye re mora reshmi dopatwa, reshmi dopatwa (Qamar Jalavi) – Noor Jahan, Shamshad Begum, Zuhra Bai Ambale Wali
- Keya yehi tera piyar tha, mujh ko to intezar tha (Qamar Jalavi) – Noor Jahan
- Raat rangeeli aayi, chandni chhai, chand merey aa ja, piyasi do akhiyan, piyas bujha ja (Qamar Jalavi) – Noor Jahan/ Shamshad Begum
- Tum ankhon se door ho, hui ankhon se neend door, merey sathi gham ki chot se hua dil ka sheesha choor (Aziz Kashmiri) – Noor Jahan/ G. M. Durrani